Faraday's induced emf equation

Why is there negative sign in Faraday’s induced emf equation?


  • rtkrtk Pune, IndiaForum Coordinator

    "Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction states that when a coil of wire is placed in a changing magnetic field (B) an EMF (E) is induced in the coil and the induced EMF is proportional to the rate of change of flux linkage with the coil (dφ/dt).

    E = N(- dφ/dt)

    Meaning of the minus sign in Faraday’s law is explained by Lenz’s law which says if the B field changes, the voltage induced in the coil will try to drive a current that produces a B-field which opposes the change(in primary B field)."

  • cblaircblair Forum Coordinator

    Thanks, Could you please elaborate more on what does the negative sign signify?

  • rtkrtk Pune, IndiaForum Coordinator
    Hi - The minus sign in Faraday’s induced emf equation signifies that when decreasing the B (negative dΦ/dt) causes positive voltage, which boosts B in the coil and when increasing the B (positive dΦ/dt) causes negative voltage, which reduces B in the coil. If the induced voltage aids the change in B-field, that would induce more voltage, further changing the B-field, which induces more voltage, further changing the B field causing a never-ending loop of infinite current and B-field. Simply to say the negative sign signifies that field and energy will remain finite.
  • cblaircblair Forum Coordinator
        Thanks for clarifying.
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