Difference between directivity and gain

nchodenchode Forum Coordinator Posts: 0
Why do the datasheets of antennas will have Gain specification rather than directivity?


  • rtkrtk Pune, IndiaPosts: 167Forum Coordinator

    Hello Navya,

    By definition, directivity is the ability of an antenna to focus the radiation to a particular direction, whereas, the gain is the ability of the antenna to convert the input power into radio waves in a particular direction. Gain is the combination of the directivity and the electrical efficiency of the antenna where, electrical efficiency of an antenna takes into account the matching between the feed line and antenna as well as the internal losses in the antenna. Hence gain is always less than the directivity because most of the antennas have some internal losses. Also, note that gain is practical and measurable term. 

    Hope that addressed your concern!

  • nchodenchode Posts: 540Forum Coordinator
    Then how do the manufacturers convey the direction properties of the antenna?
  • cblaircblair Posts: 102Forum Coordinator

    Hi Navya,

    This is accomplished by the Half Power Beam Width (HPBM) specification which indicates the broadness or the narrowness of the antenna radiation pattern. Further, this HPBM is divided into horizontal and vertical beamwidth to cover azimuthal and elevation planes, respectively. 

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