Why deformation decreases by increasing number of impacts?

elhamasadielhamasadi Member Posts: 18
edited November 2020 in Structures


In modeling a structure under repeated impact loads (10 Pressure pulses at 10 steps)as below, I have a problem reading the results!

The problem is that logically, the structure's permanent deformation (at the center) should increase, But what I get doesn't fulfill this idea

Could anyone help me with this issue please?

PS. it's a transient structural analysis, my model has initial deformations as well as heat affected zone (reduced material characteristics) and welding residual stresses.

Materials are modeled as elastic-plastic (multilinear isotropic hardening), but I remember once one of the members told me to capture the material using Chaboche constants to get the hysteresis loop and read the permanent deformations, But the fact is that I couldn't find this constants for my material! (marine grade Aluminums)

Right now, I read the total deformations at the center of the panel. Could it be the cause of the problem? If so, what should I read instead?

Best Answer

  • peteroznewmanpeteroznewman Posts: 11,478Member
    edited November 2020 Accepted Answer


    It helps if you say what version of ANSYS you are using. It is 2019 R3.

    I opened your model, which is a Transient Structural model, and ran a few simple analyses to learn about the response of the structure to the applied loads.

    First, I changed it to a 1-step analysis. In one system, I suppressed the Command object so there was only a pressure applied at t=0 of 0.11299 MPa which ramps down to 0 over 0.2 s. The pressure alone was insufficient to create any plastic strain.

    In another system I had only the Command object which created an initial strain in the part and suppressed the pressure load. The initial strain created a plastic strain of 0.001977 and that initial strain created a deformation of 0.378 mm. In the Transient analysis, this initial strain should be computed with Time Integration turned Off. There should be two steps with Time Integration turned off because after the displacement occurs over 0.1 s, that has defined an initial velocity. A second step that ends at 0.2 s is needed so that the initial velocity is zero at the beginning of step 3 when the pressure impact occurs.

    I wonder if the dynamics of the 200 ms pressure hit is affecting the results. I changed the analysis to Static Structural, left the Command object to run in Step 1 at 0.1 s ramped the pressure up to 0.11299 MPa in Step 2 at 0.2 s and ramped it down to 0 in step 3 at 0.3 s. ramped the pressure on at 0.4 s and ramped the pressure down to 0 at 0.5 s and so in up to 0.9 s when four impacts have occurred. In the graph you can see plastic strain increasing after one impact, increasing slightly after the second impact and almost no extra after three impacts.

    The maximum deformation is even flatter after the second impact.


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