Hello Wenlong,

Thank you for the elaborate reply. I appreciate it.

I modified my analysis, and instead of using solid geometry, I am now using line geometry and therefore beam elements. The 'Direct Stress' result that you get from beam tool, is the positive direct stress = tensile stress (and negative direct stress = compressive stress)?

Also, there is an option to evaluate axial force, but what about normal force. Can normal force be evaluated?