Thank you for your reply.nI think the direction is not the problem here. The general trend is tensile residual stress along the weld line. But I am getting just the opposite.nAfter posting this question, I made some progress and found my simulation was not actually converging in transient thermal itself. But I don't know why Ansys was not showing an error. nI am not much experienced to interpret this plot and find a way out. Can you please help me out? Like what improvements are required, whether meshing is not proper or my number of steps have some problem, or my APDL command has some problem?nThank younLatnuk.n