rtk
Ansys Employee
Hi - The minus sign in Faraday’s induced emf equation signifies that when decreasing the B (negative dΦ/dt) causes positive voltage, which boosts B in the coil and when increasing the B (positive dΦ/dt) causes negative voltage, which reduces B in the coil. If the induced voltage aids the change in B-field, that would induce more voltage, further changing the B-field, which induces more voltage, further changing the B field causing a never-ending loop of infinite current and B-field. Simply to say the negative sign signifies that field and energy will remain finite.