When I want Ansys tabular data in Excel, I just click in the blank cell at the top left (above the row numbers) and the whole table highlights, then Ctrl-C, click in Excel and Ctrl-V.  In this case I would delete 2 columns as they contain the same data. That didn't take much time, are you doing something different that you feel is taking more time?

If you want to learn APDL, you can write code to open a file and write the directional deformation for a node into that file. That code can be put in the model and will automatically run at the end of the solution. I don't write APDL code, so I can't help you with that. APDL has been around for decades, but in the last few years, scripting has been added to Mechanical Workbench, but I have not learned to do that either.

I still don't follow what you want to do with a path, could you sketch that out and reply with an image?

How does a path save you from getting data "twenty times a single node"? I don't follow that either. Do you mean you have 20 load sets and you want to plot the family of curves from 20 solutions? To reduce the manual labor in that, I can see why you would want APDL code to automatically run the 20 loads and write one file with the time history of the node for those 20 solutions.

Or do you mean you are interested in 20 different nodes that are along a region of your model that you refer to as a "path".  Some of my confusion is due to the fact that Ansys uses the word Path to refer to Construction Geometry which is used to extract data from models by interpolating between nodes.  When you say path, do you mean Ansys Construction Geometry or do you just mean a region of nodes on your model?