Electronics

Electronics

* Error* there is at least 1 small equation solver pivot term (eg. VOLT DOF of node 575)

    • dhruvdeshwal17
      Subscriber
      Greetings,nFacing the error while doing the analysisnAnalysis - The copper plate and a magnet are placed adjacent to each other with a certain gap. A velocity is given to the plate (-0.1m/s) and the magnet remains stationary. So, as the plate move, the plate will see a change in a magnetic field by which eddy current will be generated in the plate and due to this current a magnetic field will be generated of opposite polarity as that of the magnet. Due to this generated magnetic field, the magnet experiences a force. I FMAGBC the copper plate and parallel flux as a boundary condition.nIn this analysis I have to calculate the eddy current generated in the copper plate and magnetic field generate the magnetic field due eddy current .nModel - nnnMarcos of the analysis.nfinin/clen/PREP7  nnC*************************************************n!Element Tablen nET,1,SOLID97n!*  nET,2,SOLID97n!*  nKEYOPT,1,1,1nKEYOPT,1,2,1nKEYOPT,1,5,0n!*  nKEYOPT,1,1,1nET,3,SOLID97n!*  nKEYOPT,3,1,0nKEYOPT,3,2,0nKEYOPT,3,5,0n!*  n!*  nKEYOPT,1,1,1nKEYOPT,1,2,1nKEYOPT,1,5,2n!*  nKEYOPT,1,1,1nKEYOPT,2,1,0nKEYOPT,2,2,0nKEYOPT,2,5,2nn!Real Constant ValuenR,1,nRMORE, , , , ,0.1, ,nRMORE, , , , , ,n  nC**************************************************n!Material PropertiesnMPTEMP,,,,,,,,  nMPTEMP,1,0  nMPDATA,MURX,1,,1.2289  ! Permeability of magnetnMPTEMP,,,,,,,,  nMPTEMP,1,0  nMPDATA,MGXX,1,, nMPDATA,MGYY,1,, nMPDATA,MGZZ,1,,9.26e5  !coercive force of magnet  nMPTEMP,,,,,,,,  nMPTEMP,1,0  nMPDATA,MURX,2,,0.999  ! Permeability of copper plate  nMPTEMP,,,,,,,,  nMPTEMP,1,0  nMPDATA,RSVX,2,,1.72e-8 ! Resistivity of copper platenMPTEMP,,,,,,,,  nMPTEMP,1,0  nMPDATA,MURX,3,,1  ! Permeability of air  nnC************************************************************************************n! GeometrynBLOCK,-0.013,0.013,-0.013,0.013,-0.0025,0.0025, ! copper plate  nCYLIND,0.013, ,0.0055,0.0355,0,360,  ! magnet  nBLOCK,-0.05,0.05,-0.05,0.05,-0.05,0.05, ! enclosed area nnC*********************************************************************n! Overlap, Glue and Numbering Comp operation FLST,2,3,6,ORDE,2  nFITEM,2,1  nFITEM,2,-3  nVOVLAP,P51X nFLST,2,3,6,ORDE,3  nFITEM,2,1  nFITEM,2,-2  nFITEM,2,4  nVGLUE,P51X  nNUMCMP,VOLUnnC************************************************************************n!Meshingn nTYPE,  1  nMAT,    2nREAL,    1  nESYS,    0  nSECNUM, n!*  nMSHAPE,1,3D nMSHKEY,0n!*  nCM,_Y,VOLU  nVSEL, , , ,    1 nCM,_Y1,VOLU nCHKMSH,'VOLU'  nCMSEL,S,_Y  n!*  nVMESH,_Y1  n!*  nCMDELE,_Y  nCMDELE,_Y1  nCMDELE,_Y2  n!*  nTYPE,  2  nMAT,    1nREAL,    1  nESYS,    0  nSECNUM, n!*  nCM,_Y,VOLU  nVSEL, , , ,    2 nCM,_Y1,VOLU nCHKMSH,'VOLU'  nCMSEL,S,_Y  n!*  nVMESH,_Y1  n!*  nCMDELE,_Y  nCMDELE,_Y1  nCMDELE,_Y2  n!*  nTYPE,  3  nMAT,    3nREAL,    1  nESYS,    0  nSECNUM, n!*  nCM,_Y,VOLU  nVSEL, , , ,    3 nCM,_Y1,VOLU nCHKMSH,'VOLU'  nCMSEL,S,_Y  n!*  nVMESH,_Y1  n!*  nCMDELE,_Y  nCMDELE,_Y1  nCMDELE,_Y2  n!*  nnC****************************************n!Flag copper platennALLSEL,ALL  nVSEL,S, , ,    1 nESLV,S  nCM,A,ELEM  n!*  n!*  nFMAGBC,'A'  nFLST,2,6,5,ORDE,2  nFITEM,2,11  nFITEM,2,-16 nDA,P51X,ASYMnALLSEL,ALL  nFINISHnC***********************************************n! Transient Solutionn/SOLn!*  nANTYPE,4n!*  nTRNOPT,FULL n!*  nDELTIM,0.002,0,0nOUTRES,ERASEnOUTRES,ALL,ALL  nKBC,0  nTIME,0.01  n/STATUS,SOLUnSOLVE  nAttaching the elements used in the analysisnElement ref 1 - for coppernElement ref 2 - for permanent magnetnElement ref 3 - for airnn ErrornnNote - Some suggested to use SOLID236 element, but there are some papers which have calculated the results by using the SOLID97 even with more complicated model than this (Ex - https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1679-78252016001101997&script=sci_arttext). This is hypothetical model just to calculate the the various parameters, later use this concept for complicated models .nAs per the my understanding the problem might in the elements types option or loading nPlease suggest if any constrained is not defined or if any change required in the model. nYour Sincerely
    • Bill Bulat
      Ansys Employee
      Hi,nSee if turning off pivot checking helps. To do this, use the PIVC,OFF command prior to the SOLVE command. I have yet to see a case in which disabling pivot checking causes an erroneous emag solution, so chances are very good it should be OK to do this.nStrictly speaking, the modeled representation of the moving electrically conductive domain (in your case the plate) is supposed to be continuous in the direction of motion for the velocity effect to be valid:nYour modeled representation of the plate appears to have a finite length. If you need it to remain so, try to find a way to validate the results you obtain (e.g., see if the induced eddy currents are normal to the plate boundaries). nAlso, depending of the velocity and electrical resistivity of the conductor, the mesh may need to be refined so that the resulting magnetic Reynold's number isn't too high:nnLastly, the nodal based MVP (magnetic vector potential) formulation used by legacy SOLID97 element type can produce erroneously calculated fields on material interfaces between domains that have very different magnetic permeabilities (e.g., iron and air). This is due to the fact that the MVP forces the tangential component of B to be continuous on the interface. Physically, there is a discontinuous jump in the tangential component of B at such an interface. The edge-flux formulation used by the new technology SOLID236/237 properly addresses the field at such interfaces. If the PM is Neodymium, then it has a permeability that is quite close to that of free space and the error might be acceptably small. If the permeability of the PM is high, you should probably consider using new technology SOLID236/237.nOh, one additional thing. When using the FMAGSUM command to get the plate force, the forces determined by the virtual displacement method are typically more accurate than those obtained using the Maxwell stress tensor. But more accurate than either of these (as long as the conductive body is not permeable, as is the case for Copper) is a summation of the Lorentz forces. You can select the plate elements and read in the x, y, and z components of FMAG into the element table (these should be the volumetrically distributed Lorentz forces in the plate at element centroids) and use the SSUM command to obtain total values for the selected elements.I hope this helps,Best,Bill
    • dhruvdeshwal17
      Subscriber
      Thank you! for your guidance .n
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