July 18, 2023 at 7:36 amShamkhal MammadovSubscriber
I have a 2D pipe, 2" by 60" inches. my BCs are pressure., with an inlet of 500.1 psi and an outlet of 500 psi. (0.1 pressure drop)
gravity direction is negative y. (multiphase model is set to default Eulerian). The primary phase is CO2, secondary is set to be H20, with a default diameter.
My problem is the following:
if I have two phases entering the pipe on the left side, from fluid mechanics perspective I expect, water (as a denser phase) to accumulate in the bottom of the pipe, and due to pressure change, flow towards the outlet. However, in my case, Water droplets chaotically flow through a pipe which is not realistic. I have attached phase velocity and pressure figures.
What I am doing wrong in setting up the model?
July 18, 2023 at 9:12 amRobAnsys Employee
If the mixture of phases takes around 0.25s to reach the mid-point (about a metre at 4 m/s) and the droplet diameter is 10microns (default) how far would that droplet fall under gravity? Use Stokes Law.
July 19, 2023 at 12:01 am
July 19, 2023 at 7:33 amRobAnsys Employee
And the speed?
July 19, 2023 at 10:12 pmShamkhal MammadovSubscriber
It also reduced the fact that no matter how slow I make the flow, water particles or drops are still within the flow. They do not go to the bottom because of gravity. Can you try to check this out on your PC?
It works perfectly fine when my pressure inlet has only one fluid coming in (water); in this case, as soon as water enters the pipe, it falls to the bottom part due to gravity.
I think I figured out what the problem was. I checked the velocities of CO2 and H20; they are equal. Why are they equal? CO2 has much more density; what should I fix to make it work? I know that with mass inlet I can give different velocities to both phases, but I am interested in how exactly to do this with pressure inlet.
July 20, 2023 at 7:49 amRobAnsys Employee
Can you post images of the multiphase panel setup and operating conditions?
July 20, 2023 at 2:50 pm
July 20, 2023 at 3:09 pmRobAnsys Employee
Looks fairly sensible. How is the convergence?
July 20, 2023 at 3:16 pm
July 20, 2023 at 3:52 pmRobAnsys Employee
Why would the velocity be different?
July 20, 2023 at 4:00 pmShamkhal MammadovSubscriber
Because, for the same pressure drop, gases move much faster than fluids. they have very different densities.
Co2 density is 1.73 kg.m3, while h20- density is close to 1000kg/m3.
July 20, 2023 at 4:03 pmRobAnsys Employee
Based on (0.5 rho v^2) yes, you're right. But that doesn't account for drag effects.
July 20, 2023 at 4:05 pmShamkhal MammadovSubscriber
there is not that much drag on gas molecules in comparison to h20, due to surface tension water molecules accumulate and form droplets of different sizes, and their movement gets influenced by drag force.
July 21, 2023 at 8:33 amRobAnsys Employee
Pressure drop will drive motion, drag will cause the slower phase to speed up & faster phase to slow down. The model calculates drag based on the diameter you set for the second phase with some adjustments in the phase interaction tab.
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