April 25, 2018 at 11:25 am216dd11Subscriber
Hi, I am trying to find the acoustic characterization of a perforated plate, for this, I have created an impedance tube and put a perforated plate in that with some air cavity. I am using ACT module and boundary conditions, but not getting any result.
My objective is to find the harmonic response of perforated plate, ie how much sound is absorbed if the sound is passed through it, (to get a graph between the absorption coefficient and frequency.)
I have attached some pics of my Boundary condition, load, and steps followed.
Kindly help me.
April 25, 2018 at 11:46 am
April 25, 2018 at 3:10 pmpeteroznewmanSubscriber
Kindly follow these directions to create a Workbench Project Archive .wbpz file, then Attach it to your reply.
Please describe in detail the sound from the speaker, is it a single frequency that gets swept over time, or is it a broad band noise. If it is broad band, what is the spectral content of the sound.
The absorber is on a piston. Is the piston always in the same location or does it move during the test? What is the piston material and its physical and acoustic properties? Same question for the cylinder walls.
I am learning acoustics myself, so I may be asking you to teach me acoustic measurement science so I can help you with ANSYS.
April 26, 2018 at 5:28 am216dd11Subscriber
It is the plane wave that is passed in an impedance tube. The absorber is not on the piston, it is kept in between the tube so that some air cavity is created behind the tube which will increase the absorption.
Properties of plate and cylinder walls are- brass( impedance tube) and aluminium ( perforated plate).
perforated plate - no of holes -21, the diameter of the hole is - 1.2mm, the distance between holes- 8.7mm. The space between the perforated plate and back end of the tube is 15mm,
April 26, 2018 at 5:33 am216dd11Subscriber
Usually, the acoustical sample is put at one end of a tube and a loudspeaker is mounted at the other end. The loudspeaker generates sound and this results in a forward travelling sound wave. A part of the sound is reflected, causing a backward travelling sound wave. The reflection coefficient is determined by measuring sound is travelling in the forward and backward direction.The test sample is mounted before the end of a straight, rigid, smooth and airtight impedance tube. Plane waves are generated in the tube with the help of a loudspeaker (random, pseudo-random sequence, or chirp) fixed at the other end.
April 28, 2018 at 2:13 ampeteroznewmanSubscriber
I have made some progress working on this project.
I have installed ANSYS 17.0, installed V4 Acoustics ACT and downloaded your model.
Here are the three things that are not air in your model, note that I renamed the bodies from Solid to meaningful names.
I noticed that the two ends are solid bodies with a thickness. These are not needed. Only the perforated plate is needed.
Here is the last body that is assigned the property of Air.
The problem is that the Air body does not fill the tube!
To fix this, I suppressed the unnecessary end bodies and the tube. You only need one body, the air. I created a new body that is the actual air volume that is in the shape of a tube, but has the perforated plate subtracted from it, which looks like this:
Attached is the ANSYS 17.0 archive that has the geometry repaired. I couldn't delete the old acoustic items, but I put in my best guess for what you need. I don't know how to use ports and how to use the sound power calculation. What can you do with this?
April 28, 2018 at 10:28 am216dd11Subscriber
Sir, I saw the model, I need to plot the graph between absorption coefficient and frequency in "acoustic power result plot" option. for choosing acoustic mass source u had selected outer face of the speaker, is selecting outer face will let sound pass from the inner face of speaker also.?? and as the plate and impedance tube is of aluminium alloy material and the air is passed through them. I didn't get the concept that you modelled the all geometry with air, can u help.I tried to assign the plate and tube material as air, but in engineering data of air, elasticity and other terms are required and elasticity and E are defined for air so, I was getting the errors. I am attaching ACT 180.2 acoustic extension so that u will not need to suppress.Can u create a fresh model with using 180.2 extension. And did u made geometry in SolidWorks or ANSYS..??
April 28, 2018 at 10:29 am216dd11Subscriber
File extensions are not allowed here. So can u share ur mail where I can send u extension.
April 28, 2018 at 11:05 ampeteroznewmanSubscriber
Your screen shot showed ANSYS 17.0. ACT Acoustics V4 is compatible with 17.0, which is why I choose that version. What version of ANSYS do you have installed?
You say ACT 180.2, does that mean Acoustics for ANSYS 18.0 V2? I hope your answer to the first question is ANSYS 18.0. If you installed this ACT on ANSYS 17.0, that is not recommended. If I open your model in ANSYS 18.0, you won't be able to open that model after I save it if you are on ANSYS 17.0.
Acoustics is the physics of waves travelling through air. If you thought that ANSYS would automatically create air between the solid bodies, you were wrong. You have to create a body that is the air. When you have a body that is just air, ANSYS can transmit sound waves through that body. The simplest model is a body of air, in a Modal Acoustics system with no boundary conditions. ANSYS assumes all outside surfaces of the body are perfectly reflecting walls. When it solves, the result is the modes of all the standing wave patterns which form in that shaped body of air.
I built the model of the air in DesignModeler, but you could do that in SolidWorks.
The flat end of the tube of air, far from the perforated plate, was assigned an acoustic mass to represent a speaker that can send acoustic pressure into the air. Because it is flat and the adjacent surface is perpendicular, this generates a plane wave that travels down the tube. If the value of the acoustic mass is Q and the speed of sound is c then the pressure p created by the acoustic mass is p = Qc. I could generate that same plane wave using a surface velocity boundary condition on that same face instead of using an acoustic mass. This is somewhat easier for me to understand.
I will post this now, but I await your reply on which version of ANSYS you are on. I will be learning how to get Ports working and will reply when I have figured it out.
April 28, 2018 at 11:53 am
April 28, 2018 at 3:12 pmpeteroznewmanSubscriber
I have access to the Customer Portal so I can download any free ACT I want. I'm downloading the ACT for ANSYS 19.0 so I can run your model there too, but I have also downloaded ACT 180.2 and installed it on ANSYS 17.0. As you said, all your model elements are now available to me.
April 29, 2018 at 2:59 pm216dd11Subscriber
Sir, I tried some modifications in boundary conditions and I am getting a graph but the graph is showing linear response ie one value of absorption coefficient at all frequency and that value is in powers of 10^30. The value should be between 0 to 1. Did u got some clue.??
April 29, 2018 at 3:43 pmpeteroznewmanSubscriber
I am going to do some testing of ACT V4 for 17.0 as I suspect that ACT 180.2 installed on ANSYS 17.0 may have some problem. That will include trying to do the absorption coefficient. I will let you know.
April 30, 2018 at 4:57 am216dd11Subscriber
May 1, 2018 at 12:50 ampeteroznewmanSubscriber
I took the geometry for the air into ANSYS 19.0 which includes support for Acoustic Harmonics without the need to install an ACT extension.
I requested 600 results between 3 kHz and 12 kHz and got these results:
I refined the mesh and the drop-outs have tightened up. Is there a requirement on element size at different frequencies?
The wavelength of a 12 kHz tone in air is about 28 mm, so I used a 3 mm maximum mesh size to get 10 elements along one wavelength of the highest frequency.
May 1, 2018 at 4:34 am216dd11Subscriber
Thanks sir for the help. I have ansys 17 version only, Can u please send me the geometry of air and the ansys file. The graph between absorption coefficient and frequency should start from 0 or 0.1 as in my most analytical cases like i have posted on the top.
May 1, 2018 at 9:36 ampeteroznewmanSubscriber
The attachment above is an ANSYS 17.0 archive. You can download that to get the geometry of air. I wanted to use ANSYS 19.0 as a point of reference for what the results should look like when you go back to 17.0 since the software gets smarter with each new revision.
The graph of absorption coefficient depends on the material and air gaps between the two ports. If the material is a perfectly reflecting wall, which is the ANSYS default for an exterior face, and there is no air gap between two acoustic domains, then the absorption coefficient is 1.0 over all frequencies.
Here is a new perforated plate, it has one big hole. I expect this will have an absorption coefficient near 0.0 so let's see what ANSYS predicts. I will cut back on the number of points plotted to save some time.
The result looks the same as the small hole perforated plate, so I don't believe I am building these models properly and will need to study acoustic modeling in more detail and reply when I have mastered this type of model.
If anyone knows how to build these "muffler" type problems, please post. I believe there is a muffler tutorial somewhere that uses some advanced technique to do a perforated plate without drawing the holes.
May 1, 2018 at 10:27 am216dd11Subscriber
Yes, there is a muffler tutorial which finds the transmission loss across two ports. I am attaching the link from where you can get that.
sir the above graphs you are getting resembles like the graph of reflection coefficient vs frequency. below is the link to a paper which will telll how a graph looks like. I am also attaching a pic and dimension of that.
The dimensions of the plate are-
hole diameter- 1.6mm, thickness 3mm and distance between two hole is 5mm and distance between plate and other end of tube is 70mm.
May 1, 2018 at 8:33 pmpeteroznewmanSubscriber
Okay, did you build the model written about in the SimuTech Group article and reproduce the results?
I can only read the sciencedirect abstract. I would have to purchase that to read the whole article.
May 2, 2018 at 4:19 am216dd11Subscriber
This the whole article from that journal,pls find the attachment..
and no sir i didn't reproduce it. even ansys have a tutorial on that and i am attaching the ansys tutorial of muffler.
May 2, 2018 at 4:20 am216dd11Subscriber
Ansys tutorial of muffler.
May 2, 2018 at 11:36 ampeteroznewmanSubscriber
Thank you for the article, I will read that later.
Thanks for the muffler example, that was the one I was thinking of. I will try to follow that.
I used your geometry to make the air, so it is your dimensions.
May 2, 2018 at 11:50 am216dd11Subscriber
Sir, I made some progress but somewhat i am lacking with the boundary conditions, pls take a look. i tried some manipulations and graph now starting to rise from zero. Kindly comment.
May 3, 2018 at 4:19 am216dd11Subscriber
Sir i am not able to see any example.
May 5, 2018 at 8:57 pmpeteroznewmanSubscriber
You said your objective is
to find the harmonic response of perforated plate, ie how much sound is absorbed if the sound is passed through it, (to get a graph between the absorption coefficient and frequency.)
and your approach to obtaining this information is to build a model in ANSYS using simulation methods you don't sufficiently understand. That doesn't seem like the most straightforward approach.
If that was my objective, I would go into the lab and do a measurement on a physical sample using an actual impedance tube, a pair of microphones and a data acquisition system. I am fortunate to have the microphones and data acquisition system, and I could have an impedance tube made or purchase or rent one.
My objective is to learn how to build acoustic models in ANSYS. Maybe that is your objective too, since you are posting on the ANSYS Student Community site and not a sound measurement site.
When I am learning simulation software, I like to find textbook problems where I know the answer, and see if I can build a model to give the same answer. I have been doing this in acoustics and was able to predict the natural frequencies of columns of air that match equations in books. That is a good way to build confidence in my ability to model new physics. I recommend you take a similar approach .
It seems you are just adding things to your model to "improve the fit" without understanding what those things do. Why does your model have a Mass Source AND an Incident Wave at port 1? These are both adding waves at the speaker end of the tube. For the Incident Wave, why for the Wave Type did you choose Circular Duct and not Plane Wave? An impedance tube is intended to have a plane wave. Why did you add a Monopole Acoustic Wave Source at the center of your impedance tube, which generates spherical waves and not plane waves. There is an expression called Garbage in, garbage out. What does it matter if the output from the model looks something like what you saw in a paper if the model does not simulate the fundamental physics of the problem? The model will have no value.
I have some more notes in the attached zip file of a Word document.
May 6, 2018 at 12:20 pmpeteroznewmanSubscriber
I found this article on acoustic measurement of Transmission Loss (TL).
In the paper, there is a simple model of a muffler and the computed TL.
Here is my ANSYS model:
Hey... how about that, my model matches a published paper!
I read that a Radiation Boundary is needed on the faces used at the inlet and outlet ports. Let's see what the TL looks like if I suppress the Radiation Boundary and it is not in the model...
This confirms what I read, that the Radiation Boundary prevents acoustic reflections, so when the paper says the test uses an anechoic chamber at the output end, that tells me to apply a Radiation Boundary condition.
September 14, 2018 at 9:59 amiza hamdanSubscriber
I also trying to find the acoustic characterization of a perforated plate similar with this thread. Just want to know have you solved the problem yet? or you're still working on this project?
September 23, 2018 at 12:05 ampeteroznewmanSubscriber
Hello iza hamdan,
If you are interested in the acoustic characterization of perforated plates, you will find the attached research paper very useful.
March 2, 2020 at 11:21 amrkasliwalSubscriber
I am also working on acoustic transmission loss analysis of a muffler & want to model the same in ansys,
I have also gone through tutorial PPT available on ansys website but that was for only simple muffler where they have modeled air cavity as solid & given the air parameters in ANSYS,
For this simple geometry this approach is ok but practically, we have mufflers with complex geometry which include Baffles, perforated pipes, partitions etc. so to model this in ANSYS i am seeking for help. As i am just a beginner in ANSYS therefore request you to please share any tutorial/method to model the same in ANSYS.
April 29, 2020 at 6:40 amMemoriseXuxuSubscriber
I have read your work and I have a question about the right way to PROT. And you explain it further,for example, how to select the surface or geometry. And I create a discussion of my problem and here is the link.
Thanks a lot.
April 30, 2020 at 12:37 ampeteroznewmanSubscriber
Sorry, I don't answer questions on Acoustics anymore.
- You must be logged in to reply to this topic.
Simulation World 2022
Check out more than 70 different sessions now available on demand. Get inspired as you hear from visionary companies, leading researchers and educators from around the globe on a variety of topics from life-saving improvements in healthcare, to bold new realities of space travel. Take a leap of certainty and check out a session today here.
Earth Rescue – An Ansys Online Series
The climate crisis is here. But so is the human ingenuity to fight it. Earth Rescue reveals what visionary companies are doing today to engineer radical new ideas in the fight against climate change. Click here to watch the first episode.
Subscribe to the Ansys Blog to get great new content about the power of simulation delivered right to your email on a weekly basis. With content from Ansys experts, partners and customers you will learn about product development advances, thought leadership and trends and tips to better use Ansys tools. Sign up here.
- How to calculate the residual stress on a coating by Vickers indentation?
- An Unknown error occurred during solution. Check the Solver Output…..
- Saving & sharing of Working project files in .wbpz format
- Solver Pivot Warning in Beam Element Model
- Understanding Force Convergence Solution Output
- whether have the difference between using contact and target bodies
- Colors and Mesh Display
- The solver engine was unable to converge on a solution for the nonlinear problem as constrained.
- Massive amount of memory (RAM) required for solve
- What is the difference between bonded contact region and fixed joint
© 2022 Copyright ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.