## Fluids

#### Outer Heat Transfer Coefficient

• sinan ozbolgili
Subscriber

Hi guys,

Consider a pipe will be located as horizontal in a water tank . Hot  water will flow through this pipe and water inside tank will be evoporated. Solution will be 2D and transient. I want to check outer heat transfer coefficient (water inside tank)

After solution I checking
heat flux >> surface heat transfer coffficienct >>  tank_water  == 0.0002W/m²K
heat flux >> surface heat transfer coffficienct >>  outer_surface_pipe  == -600 W/m²K

I would like to say which is correct for outer heat transfer coefficient and why heat transfer coffficienct of outer_surface_pipe  coming as negative ?

• C N
Ansys Employee

Hello Sinan,

Generally the heat transfer coefficient becomes negative due to surface temperature being lesser  than the fluid temperature. In convection the newtons law of cooling is followed so if you have negative temperature difference it might lead to a negative heat transfer coefficient . So I recommend you to check on the temperature settings of the surface and fluid .Heat transfer coefficient will be calculated by using heat flux divided by the temperature diff which is equal to (Twall - Treference). if ur Treference is greater than Twall u get a negetive h. check for the reference values and see if ur plate is getting heated up or is it getting cooled.

Under convective heat transfer in a fluid with varying properties and in boiling, heat transfer coefficient may substantially depend on and ΔT. In these cases an increase of heat flux may give rise to hazardous phenomena such as burnout (transition heat flux) and deterioration of turbulent heat transfer in tubes.

I have attached the video link for the best practices simulation case for heat transfer in tubes and shell tube heat exchanger so that you can familiarise with the boundary condition.

(10) Forced Convective Heat Transfer in a 2D Staggered Tube Bundle — Simulation Example - YouTube

(10) Heat Transfer in a Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger — Simulation Example - YouTube

I hope this solves your problem.

Thanks,

Chaitanya Natraj