Fluids

Fluids

Thermal Analysis of Liquid Cooling Pad

    • rohandoijode
      Subscriber

      Hi everyone, Im a beginner at ANSYS workbench. I wish to obtain thermal analysis of a liquid cooling pad. Simple guidelines could help me a lot. 


       


      1. Defining fluid domain.


      2. Defining heat flux at surface.


      3. Need temperature of coolant at inlet and outlet.


       


      Attaching files for reference.


       

    • peteroznewman
      Subscriber

      Start Workbench, drag out a Fluid Flow (Fluent) analysis system.


      Double click on Geometry cell. File, Open set type to STEP, and select your file. 
      Select the Prepare tab on the ribbon interface.
      Select the Volume Extract tool, which opens ready for you to click a face that closes off the volume. Click on the annular flat face on the inlet side, then click on the annular flat face on the outlet side. Now click the Seed Face button, and click a face inside the fluid cavity. When you click the check mark, you will have the fluid volume.





      Finally, click the top level in the Outline, FFF and in the Properties window, on the Share Topology line, set it to Share.



      I would also delete the faces on all the holes drilled into the pad to make the solid mesh cleaner, but you can leave those in.
      Close the SpaceClaim window.


      Next you open Mesh and define the Inlet and Outlet faces of the fluid volume using Named Selections.  Name the Heat Flux face as well. Any outer face you don't name will automatically be insulated. There are best practices for meshing fluid volumes, but let's leave that for another post. Close Meshing, then right mouse button on the Mesh cell and select Update.  Wait for the Mesh cell to have a green check mark.  Then you can click the Setup cell which will start Fluent.


      2. You define the heat flux as a boundary condition in Fluent. If the heat flux is only on a portion of one face, draw that shape on that face in SpaceClaim to make a separate face to apply the heat flux. The rest of the face can have a different boundary condition. You have to decide for every outside surface is it (a) insulated, (b) have a defined temperature, (c) have a defined heat flux, or (d) have a defined convective cooling to outside air where you have to provide the heat transfer film coefficient and the air temperature.


      3. You define the inlet temperature of the water.  Fluent will calculate the temperature of the water at the outlet.  You have to define the inlet as either velocity, or mass flow rate, or pressure. The outlet is typically a pressure boundary condition at 0 gauge pressure.


      Reply with details on the temperature of the inlet and the flow rate, and the boundary conditions for the other faces on the pad.

    • rohandoijode
      Subscriber

      Being a beginner I'm facing issues selecting the internal faces to define the cavity. I did make fluid domain in design-modeler.


      Internal temperature 20 degree Celcius. Flowrate 4-5 Liter per min.

    • rohandoijode
      Subscriber

    • rohandoijode
      Subscriber

    • rohandoijode
      Subscriber

      https://drive.google.com/open?id=1zPsS4sx-_GoJUjRlcHSh0bcAn2hKLTszb9bCdy5wX88  Link to the report. 

    • peteroznewman
      Subscriber

      One suggestion, Mechanical automatically created a Contact region in Meshing, which created an extra boundary condition in Fluent.


      Go back to DesignModeler, and make sure the solid and fluid bodies are in a Multibody Part by using Form New Part and set that part to Share Topology.


      Then go back to Meshing and delete the Contact.


      Then reread it back into Fluent.  It will notice a BC is missing. Follow the directions to resolve that.


      What you have works, it's just more complicated that it needs to be.

    • rohandoijode
      Subscriber


       


      For what purpose source term is used ?


       



       


       


       



      What does Coupled significance here ?


       


       


       


       



       


       


      What does via System Coupling signify here and also shell conduction ? 


       


       


      Rest I guess looks fine to me. Need some guidelines to fill the above parameters.

    • peteroznewman
      Subscriber

      I can only answer one of your questions because I recently learned about that. You want Coupled as the BC on the wall that is between the fluid and solid. Coupled allows the solver to automatically compute the heat transfer between the solid and the fluid. You get a wall and a shadow-wall so that you could make the heat transfer different in the solid and the fluid, but you don't need to do that.

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