## General Mechanical

#### Transient Structural: Distortion Issue

• asaha
Subscriber

Can anyone please help me in a transient structural analysis. I am constantly getting a distortion error though I have done several times of mesh refinement.. My problem is related to ball valve friction between ball and seat ring.

• Sandeep Medikonda
Ansys Employee

asaha,

Please explain using pictures on how you are setting up the model and the kind of materials you are using?

Some general guidelines on how to deal with such errors are given in the help.

Regards,
Sandeep
Guidelines on the Student Community

• asaha
Subscriber

Thank you, Sir, for your kind approach.

Here I have attached the image. The left one is seat ring and the right one is a ball. The material of the ball is stainless steel and the seat ring is Teflon. The ball is rotating with respect to its centre and a pressure is acting on the seat ring in the positive y-direction.

• peteroznewman
Subscriber

Asaha,

Maybe you didn't know this, but you don't need Transient Structural to rotate a ball on a seat-ring, you can do the same motion in Static Structural, but a lot more easily.  (I know, the word Static implies no motion, but that isn't true!).

Let's say you have a Revolute Joint Connection between the ball center and ground and you have a Joint Load that has a Displacement rotation of 90 degrees.

You have Frictional Contact between the seat-ring and the ball. Perhaps you want to plot the Torque to turn the ball 90 degrees.

The seat-ring needs more constraints than just Pressure, because if that is all there was, then it would just turn with the ball!

Add a Compression Only support to the cylidrical face of the seat-ring. That will stop it turning with the ball, but allow the pressure to push it against the ball.

In Static Structural, the default end time for the simulation is 1 seconds. That is when the ball will reach 90 degrees.

Under Analysis Settings, specify Initial Substeps as 100, Minimum Substeps as 30 and Maximum Substeps as 500.

Regards,
Peter

• asaha
Subscriber

Hello Sir,

Many many thanks for giving your valuable time.

I have tried with static structural but I haven't given any constraints to the seat ring. For that may be the error was coming which you have correctly pointed out. I will try again with this modifications.

Another thing is that I want to plot the temperature with respect to rotational acceleration which is generated due to frictional contact. For that, I may have to further incorporate UDF which I haven't done yet. Because I am not getting that much confidence to go forward till the primary model gets solved.

Assistance from you will be a great help to me.

Thank You.

Regards,

Argha

• peteroznewman
Subscriber

Oh!

An important setting to mention under Analysis Settings.

Large Deflection must be On.

Regards,
Peter

• asaha
Subscriber

Hello Sir,

I am very much thankful to you for your help.

I have tried as per your guidance. If the ramped pressure is applied to the seat ring and at the same time if the rotation is given as the value of angle (i.e. 90 degree) then a solution is coming.

But when I give a velocity or acceleration as an input inspite of the rotational angle, ANSYS is showing an error ''One or more joint conditions feature settings that are incompatible with the current analysis''. Also when I am giving a constant pressure throughout the rotational time, then also Ansys is showing an error ''The solver engine was unable to converge on a solution for the non linear problem as constrained''.

Can you please help me in this regard..!

Thank You.

Regards,

Argha

• peteroznewman
Subscriber

Hello Argha,

In a Static Structural model, the Joint load is a Displacement. Though there is something called Time, it just represents progress from 0 to 1.  You would not use Velocity or Acceleration on a Joint in a Static Structural model.

There are many reasons why a Static Structural model will fail to converge.  I will provide some links to other Discussions that describe how to overcome convergence difficulties.

Discussion 1.

Discussion 2.

Discussion 3.

This has a video.

DIscussion 5.

Regards,
Peter

• asaha
Subscriber

Hello Sir,

I am trying as per your suggestions. Though it has not converged yet, I am trying with every possibility.

But my question is, If I want to change the rotational speed or acceleration, what should I do in static structural..!

2nd thing is that while I am trying to give pressure input in step, one column in the tabular input is showing the time. Which is showing 2 sec But my step end time is 1 sec. Ansys is also not permitting me to give time as 0.5 sec and 1 sec. Can you please discuss the fallacy lies here... Is it time per step..! So when the step no is 2, it implies the time of rotation is 2 sec.. !!

Thank You.

Regards,

Argha.

• Sandeep Medikonda
Ansys Employee

You will have to change it in the details of the analysis settings.

• asaha
Subscriber

Hello Sir,

Can you please elaborate it..! I have tried some of the possibilities. Here I am attaching the details of the analysis tab.

• Sandeep Medikonda
Ansys Employee

Argha,

Are you trying to change the end time at which you are applying the load for a particular step? If so, you can select the current step number and change the end time. So, let's say you only want Step 1 to end at time 0.5 sec. Just change the Step End Time

Regards,
Sandeep

• asaha
Subscriber

Thank You very much, Sir.

• asaha
Subscriber

Hello Sir,

I have tried as per your advice. But till now I have got no solution. I have attached an image of error.

Can you please help me out from this problem...!

• Sandeep Medikonda
Ansys Employee

Argha,

These are the recommendations from the manual for this error:

Recommendations

When Advanced Contact is NOT Present in the Model ...

Check for sufficient supports to prevent rigid body motion (structural) or check for thermal material curves or convection curves which rise and/or fall sharply over the temperature range (thermal).

If you encounter a convergence error during a thermal analysis that is using contact, consider modifying the Thermal Conductance property.

When Advanced Contact IS Present in the Model ...

Check for sufficient supports to prevent rigid body motion or that contact with other parts will prevent rigid motion.

Check that the loading is of a reasonable nature. Unlike linear problems whose results will scale linearly with the loading, advanced contact is nonlinear and convergence problems may arise if the loading is too big or small in a real world setting.

If the contact type is frictionless, try setting the type to rough. This may help some problems to converge if any possible sliding is not constrained.

Check that the mesh is sufficiently fine on faces that may be in contact. Too coarse a mesh may cause inaccurate answers and convergence difficulties.

Consider softening the normal contact stiffness KN to a value of .1. The default value is 1 and may be changed by setting the Normal Stiffness. Smaller KN multipliers will allow more contact penetration which may cause inaccuracies but may allow problems to converge that would not otherwise.

If symmetric contact is being used (by default the contact is symmetric), consider using asymmetric contact pairs. This may help problems that experience oscillating convergence patterns due to contact chattering. The program can be directed to automatically use asymmetric contact in the Details view of the Contact Folder.

If that doesn't help. Look at the newton-residuals, See here.

Regards,
Sandeep

• asaha
Subscriber

Thank You, Sir.

I want to know, when I am applying a frictional coefficient, is it acting throughout the full rotation irrespective of the pressure which is applied at the seat ring or not.

• alextgarner
Subscriber

Hello,

Can joint velocity/acceleration not be applied in a static structural analysis?

Thanks,

A.

• peteroznewman
Subscriber

It cannot.  If you have other questions, please open a New Discussion.

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