

October 16, 2018 at 11:34 amadkhSubscriberI want to perform modal analysis of viscoelastic sandwich structure, i.e, viscoelastic material in between two steel plates, in Ansys.
My question is that do i have to input only shear relaxation test data in ansys or i have to add additional data like uniaxial, planer, volumetric also for such type of analysis. Thanks 
October 16, 2018 at 11:48 amSandeep MedikondaAnsys EmployeeHi Modal analysis is a linear analysis and nonlinear materials or contacts cannot be used.
Regards Sandeep 
October 16, 2018 at 12:05 pmpeteroznewmanSubscriber
Sandeep, I think adkh means vibration analysis when he says modal analysis, given the answers we gave in his other discussion.
Adkh, for your application, start with shear relaxation test data and fit a Prony series to your data.

October 16, 2018 at 2:45 pmSandeep MedikondaAnsys Employee
ok thanks peter.
Yes, shear relaxation would do. You would only need bulk modulus if volumetric incompressibility is a factor. You might find this discussion helpful.
Regards,
Sandeep 
October 16, 2018 at 5:46 pmBhargava SistaAnsys Employee
Hi Sandeep, Peter,
Looking at this and the other discussion with adhk, I wanted to add something that might be relevant:
you can perform a full harmonic analysis on viscoelastic materials by defining frequency dependent elastic modulus, Poisson's ratio and damping using TB,ELASTIC and TB,DAMP commands (WB does not support this in GUI, so you'll need to use command snippets). It still assumes linear response so largedeformation effects are not included.

October 16, 2018 at 10:28 pmadkhSubscriber
Hi Sandeep, sorry i mean vibration analysis. Thanks peter for clarifying it.

October 16, 2018 at 10:31 pmadkhSubscriber
Hi bsista, can you please add a little more detail of your previous answer because i didn't understand, you mean that shear relaxation test w.r.t time should not be used?. Thanks

October 16, 2018 at 11:21 pmBhargava SistaAnsys Employee
You can use the shear relaxation test to calculate the Prony series constants. These properties are in timedomain so you'll need to convert them into frequencydomain using the following equations, which is nothing but calculating the storage and the loss modulus.
You'll need to define a starting and the ending frequency to calculate these quantities. Once you do this conversion, you can input these properties into ANSYS Mechanical using command snippets.

October 17, 2018 at 3:54 pmadkhSubscriberOk thank you so much, but what tool should i use to convert it from time domain to frequency domain, in case i have the data of relaxation test.
Secondly, can you provide a reason why i can't use directly the time domain data. 
October 18, 2018 at 1:09 amBhargava SistaAnsys Employee
You can use ANSYS WB to perform curve fitting on shear relaxation data and calculate Prony series constants. Once you have them, you can use Matlab, Python, Excel or even APDL math (if you're familiar with it) to perform these conversions.
As Sandeep and Peter have mentioned earlier, viscoelasticity is a nonlinear material behavior while harmonic analysis is a linear analysis. So, we use Fourier transforms to linearize the property by converting the data from timedomain into the frequency domain.

October 18, 2018 at 8:23 pmadkhSubscriber
I understand now, thanks to Sandeep, Peter and Bsista.

October 19, 2018 at 2:34 pmseventanapplySubscriber
You can read this paper
"Methods of interconversion between linear viscoelastic material functions Part I a numerical method based on Prony series" by S W Park and R A Schapery.

November 1, 2018 at 2:29 pmseventanapplySubscriber
Hi bsista,
Is it possible to use transient structural module to see the phase lag angle delta? tan delta is defined by loss modulus/storage modulus.
Thanks.

November 13, 2020 at 4:02 pmJHPontesSubscriberHi all,nI already have the data for storage and loss modulus vs frequency but not really sure how to insert it into ansys WB engineering data.nCould anyone help me?n

November 15, 2020 at 7:30 pmLaurentiomotoSubscriberIm looking for the same answer as JHPontes .n

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