Fluids

Fluids

What kind of fluids can be assumed to be continuum and what not?

    • prajput
      Ansys Employee
      What kind of fluids can be assumed to be continuum and what not? 
    • Keyur Kanade
      Ansys Employee
      The primary idea behind the continuum assumption is that Fluid is continuously divisible and we do not have to concern ourselves with individual molecules. This assumption is valid under normal conditions. However, it very quickly breaks down when the characteristic length scale (dimension) of our problem is on the same order as the mean free path of the fluid molecules. For example, we must abandon the concept of continuum in case of rarefied gases. The validity of continuum assumption can be verified using the Knudsen Number.
    • prajput
      Ansys Employee
      Thank you @kkanade

    • Karthik R
      Administrator

      he Knudsen Number represent the ratio between the mean-free-path of the molecules (lambda) and the problem characteristic length (L):

      Kn = lambda/L

      This number is used in fluid dynamics to define the limits of the continuum approximation. For Kn<<1 a fluid can be assume to be a continuum, while at Kn close to 1 or larger we have free molecular flow. Also, in the range of values 0.01


    • prajput
      Ansys Employee
      Thanks @Kremella
       ??️
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